INTEGRATED DISEASE SURVEILLANCE PROJECT (
The Government of India has initiated a decentralized, state based Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) in the country in response to a long felt need expressed by various expert committees.
The project would be able to detect early warning signals of impending outbreaks and help initiate an effective response in a timely manner. It is also expected to provide essential data to monitor progress of on-going disease control programs.
Goa has commenced the implementation of the project from 1st of April 2005.
IDSP has replaced the NSPCD (National Surveillance Programme for Communicable Diseases), which was operational in the state since 1999.
The project development objective is to improve the information available to the government health services and private health care providers on a set of high-priority diseases and risk factors, with a view to improving the on-the-ground responses to such diseases and risk factors.
District and State Surveillance Units have been set up to gather weekly uniform high quality surveillance data from Reporting Units in Government and Private sectors at all levels.
The project responds in a timely manner to surveillance challenges in the state including emerging epidemics.
Surveillance activities under various programs in the state have been integrated and existing infrastructure is used maximally.
A system of regular feed back to the participants of the surveillance activity has been put in place.
All the personnel of the Directorate of Health Services have been trained in the programme. These include Medical Officers, Laboratory Technicians and Para-medical Workers. Anganwadi Workers have also been trained to look out for Warning Signals in the population.
A fully-equipped Regional Laboratory has been established at the Dept. of Microbiology, Goa Medical College to enhance capacity for diagnosis and investigation of epidemics.
District and peripheral Public Health Laboratories have been strengthened.
The state has been integrated into the national surveillance network with the use of information technology for communication, data entry, analysis, reporting and feedback.
Diseases and Conditions under Surveillance
2. Acute Diarrhoeal Disease (Cholera)
10. Sexually transmitted/ Blood borne diseases like HIV, HBV, HCV
11. Unusual clinical syndromes (Causing death or hospitalization) such as Menigoencephalitis, Respiratory Distress, Hemorragic fevers and other undiagnosed conditions
It is expected that IDSP will avert disease outbreaks and epidemics and reduce human suffering and improve the efficiency of all existing health programs.
Under the IDSP programme, a Goa State Surveillance Unit and a Goa State Surveillance Committee have been constituted. Secretary (Health), Govt. of Goa, is the chairperson of both the committees.
The State Epidemiologist is the State Surveillance Officer for IDSP in Goa and Member Secretary of both, the Committee and the Unit. (Room No. F-17, 1st floor, DHS bldg, Campal, Panaji- Goa. 403001. Tel- 2421810, Fax- 2225538,
E-mail: dataman_goastate[at]rediffmail.com )
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